What Expenses Are Viewed as Pass-Through Expenses in a Triple Net Lease?

What Expenses Are Viewed as Pass-Through Expenses in a Triple Net Lease?

One of the most beneficial aspects of commercial realty investing is doubtless a pass-through costs policy. Still, people often misunderstand and misinterpret it, which can lead to further budgeting issues and, consequently, profit loss.

This article will review the pass-through structure in depth, how it works within leases and why an NNN lease is the best practice.

What Is a Pass-Through Framework?

When it comes to selling or purchasing any commercial-purposed properties, Limited Liabilities Companies fully implement this. Reasons for that are pretty simple: liability and taxes protection warranty.

Considering liability, LLC ensures a high level of assets defense while a loss. However, you should remember that each deal is unique and sometimes creditor claims are not limited to the LLC’s assets only. So it is always a good decision to apply to a qualified realty attorney.

With regard to tax, you avoid double taxation here since the LLC is to pay taxes as a partnership, not a corporation. To put it simply, property owners, supposing to pay income tax individually, get equal distribution of revenue and costs passing through the LLC.

Understanding Your Lease Structure

The key thing you should keep in mind is pass-through expenditures differ conditioned by lease kind. So careful getting acquainted with the agreement terms is a must.

What expenses are viewed as pass-through expenses in a triple net lease? According to NNN leases, a lessee is liable to cover all the property-connected fees. So they will start receiving CAM, insurance, tax, janitorial and utility bills as soon as the given lease enters into force. Moreover, any other miscellaneous expenditures throughout the rental period are the lessee’s liability.

A modified gross lease provides CAM, insurance and utility expenses. Commonly, lessees don’t have to pay for the extra costs exceeding their basic year rent. Nevertheless, during the following years to lease, they will have to bear the extra expenditures since the pass-through costs may fluctuate.

How to Calculate Pass-Through Expenses

The main point to calculate these costs stands the square footage of rented space. Besides, each portion of pass-through expenses influences the overall end amount.

In practice, the lessor determines all the operating expenditures and provides each lessee with their share to pay. It works as follows: the rented area’s square footage is divided by the square meters of the whole building.

It is highly advantageous for lessors since renters have to pay off full pass-through expenditures of all the building’s vacant spaces. That’s why NNN leased property is really worth investing in. But this is not the limit. Such an agreement offers plenty of other pros.

Why Opt for NNN Lease

We’ve already clarified pass-through structure operates in the most lucrative way for lessors with the NNN possessions. However, what are other ways it may benefit?

Passive Revenue

The NNN lease possessions are the perfect passive yield source. If owners don’t have to manage a vast renovation project for which they are liable under the agreement, there are no worries besides collecting monthly rent.

Effortless Management

Since the lessee covers all the building expenditures and performs the day-by-day operation, investors are of minimum building management participation. They only deal with gathering rental fees and paying off the utilities, but the last point is not in all cases either.

Credible Lessees

The majority of NNN leases ensure investors with lessees’ incredibly reliable experience. These tenants utilize the rented property as the essential component of the brand building so that they won’t put their reputation at risk. For example, the worldwide accessories company appears the same around the country or even globally. Therefore, they tend to pick prime locations and enter into a lasting lease. If such kind of a lessee signs the agreement, the owner can be entirely sure about their trustworthiness.

Lasting Leased Terms

NNN lease agreements imply long-term occupancy, in other words, a steady, lasting cash stream for lessors. Since they are commonly arranged for not less than ten years, it excludes risks and undesired losses of vacant spaces between renters for owners.

Low Entry Pricing

NNN leased properties are, in most cases, more affordable than other realty kinds. Thus, even a relatively small-budget investor may buy the building at an accessible rate, obtain a renter and begin earning money they deposited back quite rapidly.

Comfy Transferability

If the possessor decides to sell the property, the NNN lease will just transfer to the new owner, remaining the deal terms unchangeable for lessees. The flexible any-moment transmission makes such realty highly appealing to fresh investors.

Things to Consider While Pass-Through Expenses Within NNN Properties

Apart from the above NNN agreement advantages for property possessors, the mentioned below factors are no less critical and will ultimately affect all the operating costs. So it is worth paying attention to them while reviewing various choices.


If you choose from a few options, select one that is at an easily accessible location and with highly massive traffic. It means excellent customer exposure and such an area will become a tidbit to rent for any tenant.

Possession Condition

The building condition needs to document between two parties (lessor and lessee) before the lessee occupies the space. There are two sides to the coin. Suppose the property is in good shape at the moment of the bargain; it’s in the renter’s favor. In the opposite case, when it can’t do without renovation, the lessor takes advantage since all the upcoming repair costs move to the NNN lessee.

As practice shows, when the building is poor-looking, renters have no incentive to renovate. In case their business doesn’t target brand-building or customer enrichment via location, but strives for functional space, they may just neglect falling tiles or walls. It happens due to lessees’ lack of motivation from the owner, who had to upkeep properties properly to draw the high-quality lessee.


When the possessions hold debt, the lessor is exclusively liable for repayment. That way, it is decisive to check rental rate terms until entering the lease.

Related Articles:

What is the Difference Between a Modified Gross Lease and a Triple Net Lease?

Can You Depreciate a Triple Net Lease?